Adi Kavi Maharshi Valmiki Jayanti

Valmiki Jayanti commemorates the birth anniversary of Maharishi Valmiki, the great author and sage. Maharishi Valmiki is the author of the great Hindu epic Ramayana. The Ramayana, which tells the story of  Sri Ram, was written in Sanskrit and contains 24,000 verses divided into seven ‘Kaand‘ (cantos). In honour of this revered saint, Valmiki Jayanti is observed. The celebration of Valmiki Jayanti is a tribute to a great saint who inspired the masses through his seminal works and teachings.

Maharishi Valmiki birthday falls on the Purnima tithi of the month of Ashwin, i.e Purnima in the month of Ashwin is also celebrated as Sharad Purnima, which corresponds to September-October in the Gregorian calendar.

Key Points:

  • The first poet of Sanskrit literature was Maharishi Valmiki. Adi Kavi is another name for him.
  • He is both – a Sanskrit and Tamil scholar.
  • The Maharishi Valmiki temple in Chennai’s Thiruvanmiyur is thought to be over 1300 years old. This temple holds greater significance because it is believed that Valmiki rested here after finishing the Ramayana
  • The Valmiki temple is under the supervision of another prominent temple called the Marundeeswarar temple which was constructed during the Chola reign. As per the beliefs, sage Valmiki visited the Marundeeswarar temple to worship Lord Shiva following which the region was named Thiruvalmikiyur which gradually changed to Thiruvanmiyur.
  • The Ramayana he composed has 480,002 words, being a quarter of the length of the full text of the Mahabharata or about four times the length of the Iliad – an ancient Greek epic poem composed by Homer.
  • The description of Valmiki is also found in the Mahabharata period. When the Pandavas win the battle with the Kauravas, Draupadi holds a yajna, for which the blowing of the conch was necessary, but even after all efforts, including Krishna, then everyone prays to Valmiki at the behest of Krishna. When Valmiki appears there, the conch shell itself sounds and Draupadi’s yajna is completed.
  • As per Vishnudharmottara Purana, Valmiki is a form of God. People who want to enhance their knowledge and wisdom should offer prayers to Maharishi Valmiki.
  • Lord Rama’s sons-Kush and Luv, were his first disciples to whom he taught the Ramayana.

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